Digital Object Identifier (DOI) and Crossmark – Researcher Guide

This guide is focused on the Crossmarks and Digital Object Identifier (DOI) which are one of the essential elements of a research paper nowadays. This will help you to not only understand these two things but to use them effectively as well.

Digital Object Identifier

DOI is an alphanumeric string to identify an object and it’s persistent link over the internet. Consider it a linker shorter service but primarily used by the Academic Publishers.

The DOI for a document remains fixed over the lifetime of the document, whereas its location and other metadata may change. Referring to an online document by its DOI provides more stable linking than simply using its URL because if its URL changes, the publisher only needs to update the metadata for the DOI to link to the new URL.

DOIs help you:

  • Make your research citable. DOIs provide information on where your work can be found online. They are guaranteed to never change, making them a great way to provide a reliable link to any of your research.
  • Showcase all of your research. DOIs provide the ability to find all publications associated with a single author, including research that hasn’t been published.
  • Put a date on your discovery. DOIs include the publishing date of your research, to make sure you get the credit you deserve.

DOI Structure

How to Register a DOI?

DOI is provided by the publishing organization. A researcher doesn’t have to worry about the DOI. But before publishing your paper in some journal, make sure that they provide the DOIs.


Crossmark is a great utility of research publications, this basically helps to check the currency of the articles and other related metadata which includes:

  • Recent Updates
  • Affiliations
  • ISSN
  • ISBN
  • Reference lists
  • Funding Data
  • Many other identifiers

Please make sure to share your feedback with this about this concise guide on Document Object Identifiers DOI and Crossmark research paper utilities.

Journal Publication Workflow

Journal Publication Process – Infographic

To make the process of Journal Publication more for early researchers to understand, our team has made this infographic on Journal Publication Process. This Infographic concisely depicts the basic process of how a paper gets published in a journal.

Research paper publication on journal - complete process
Process of Research Paper Publication in Journal – Download PDF

How to Make a WOW Presentation

In recent decades, due to the advancement of the technology, there are several new aspects that are introduced in the Journal Publication Process but still, the workflow is still same.
It all starts when an author submits its transcripts mostly via online form or email. Editorial staff of the journal check the following  things in the submitted transcript,

  • According to the Aims and Scope of Journal
  • Article Type
  • Transcript length and Format as per requirements

The transcript is then sent to the peer-reviewers. Usually, the identity of author and reviewer is kept hidden by removing the metadata of the transcript.

Peer-reviewers submit their recommendations after thoroughly reviewing the paper and this can take between 4-8 months. Their recommendations can be,

  • Accept the paper  – which is very rare
  • Minor changes
  • Major Changes
  • Rejected

Based on the recommendations from the peer-reviewers, the editor makes the decision. The editor can have the opinion of any third peer-reviewer as well in case of the tie. If there are some changes required in the paper, it is sent back to the author.

Author revises the paper and sends it back to the editor. Editor forwards it to the reviewer again. After the arrival of recommendations from the peer-reviewers, Editor makes the final decision either to publish the paper or to reject it.